What is crypto currency?

What is crypto currency? A cryptocurrency, also known as a crypto-currency or crypto, is a type of digital currency that operates as a means of exchange over a computer network and is not supported or maintained by any one central organization, such as a bank or government.

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It is a decentralized method of confirming that the parties to a transaction actually have the monies they claim to have, doing away with the necessity for conventional middlemen like banks when money is being moved between two businesses.

The phrase "cryptocurrency" must be well-known to anyone who follow technical advancements. Cryptocurrency, to put it simply, is a form of digital money that is protected by a cryptographic security system. Generally speaking, crypto currency can be used to purchase numerous types of digital items.

Depending on the type you select, cryptocurrencies have a wide range in terms of both price and features. What is cryptocurrency then, and what are the risks associated with having this kind of money?

Cryptocurrency: What is it?

Cryptocurrency is a sort of money that doesn't have a physical form but is still recognized as a legitimate digital medium of exchange, much like the dollar. Online purchasing, in-game purchases, and the acquisition of other cryptocurrencies are some of the transactions you may carry out utilizing cryptocurrency.

Cryptography is used to safeguard this money. These techniques can be used to safeguard privacy at a high level; the way to do this is to utilize a sequence of codes to build a multilevel security layer. Therefore, it will be challenging to undermine a cryptographic system.

Characteristics of cryptocurrencies

You should be aware of a few properties of this currency. The fact that cryptocurrencies are digital and intangible is one of their defining characteristics. Additionally, there are a number of aspects of cryptocurrencies that can assist in addressing your concerns regarding these transactional instruments.


Dollar is distinct from this particular currency if it is offered in the form of sheets and coins. Cryptocurrencies only exist in digital form; there is nothing tangible to cling onto. This has an impact on both the purchasing and trading of bitcoins. Everything that happens is done digitally.


The fact that cryptocurrencies are international is their second feature. It won't affect cryptocurrencies if you are familiar with currency exchange rates. Every country receives the same amount of value for this digital currency. Therefore, the value will not change if you transact with cryptocurrency between nations.

peer to peer

Third, peer-to-peer transactions are a feature of cryptocurrencies. The word "peer" has the same meaning as "partner" when translated into Indonesian. This indicates that the transaction in question takes place between two individuals online.


If you go shopping at the market, the vendor will undoubtedly recognize you right away. For instance, when you use e-commerce to shop online, at least they are aware of your identity thanks to your profile name, email address, or phone number.

The real identify of the individual who made the transaction will not be visible to users while utilizing cryptocurrency, in contrast to the previous two methods of shopping. To complete a transaction, the user enters a code; as a result, their real name is kept private.


The decentralized nature of cryptocurrencies is their fourth distinguishing feature. Access to this digital currency is flexible. Transactions involving cryptocurrencies don't involve banks; each person is accountable for their own finances.


You must be aware of the fact that cryptocurrencies have an unreliable nature before choosing to conduct transactions with them. This implies that you shouldn't put too much faith in anyone involved in the deal.

Popular crypto coin called Bitcoin was first decentralized cryptocurrency, and it was first made available in 2009 as open-source software. More than 9,000 other cryptocurrencies were available on the market as of March 2022, more than 70 of which had a market valuation greater than $1 billion.

official explanation

A cryptocurrency, according to Jan Lansky, is a system that satisfies the following six criteria:

  • Because distributed consensus is used to preserve the system's state, a centralized authority is not necessary.
  • The system maintains a record of all cryptocurrency units and who owns them.
  • Whether new bitcoin units can be created is determined by the system. The system specifies the circumstances of these new cryptocurrency units' origin and how to identify their owner if new cryptocurrency units can be formed.
  • Only cryptographical means can be used to prove ownership of bitcoin units.
  • The system supports operations where ownership of the cryptographic units is transferred. Only the organization able to demonstrate the present ownership of these units may issue a transaction declaration.
  • The system only executes one of two instructions that are concurrently entered to change the ownership of the same cryptographic unit.